let us take a detailed walk through the concept,Water Management. Starting from figuring out the right amount of water that must be present in the reservoirs and overhead tanks during any particular point of time.
Water savings will be the greatest and action should be the fastest at the infrastructure level. A utility should be able to justify the expenditure on the water savings particularly on the basis of planning for scarcity. State and local governments can save money and also have a major impact on supply by implementing the IoT for buildings and other uses like landscape irrigation
Agriculture consumes about 40 percent of the freshwater available in with a large amount being wasted by leaky irrigation systems, inefficient field application methods and the planting of water intensive crops in the wrong growing location.
One of the crucial challenges of water management as well as conservation in a city is to determine the amount of water that any particular city is going to utilize during the next day. This can be calculated to precision with the use of predictive analytics. This is done by keeping a track on the history of water consumption in the city on any given day. Based on the historical data collected and analyzed by predictive analytics and combined with the consideration of special events, holidays, as well as the weather in that city, we can determine the amount of water that the entire population is going to consume in one day.
Supply & distribution of water consists of pumping, storage, proper networking of piping, metering, billing etc. With the use of Water Tech (Electronics/IOT based) products & systems it is possible to monitor & control supply/distribution system even billing for quantity of water usage.
To begin with, there is the need for level sensors and equipment which are deployed across the reservoirs and overhead tanks. It is to be noted that level sensors are specially- designed sensors which can establish the level of water present in a tank/reservoir. This established water level can then be communicated to the central servers which are deployed for the purpose of effective water conservation as well as management. This information is passed on to the central servers on a regular basis, which further helps in determining the amount of water usage on a daily basis and also indicates the level of water that is present in the reservoirs or tanks.
Internet of Things and Smart Irrigation
The IoT technology is beneficial in smart irrigation as well. Internet of Things can be used for getting the right amount of water at the right destination for the right duration. It is basically a data-driven shift which is made possible by the wireless communication enabled by the Internet of Things technology.